Night Vision Ratings

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Night Vision Ratings News:

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Original Source: http://www.nightvisionplanet.com/

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Night Vision Goggles, Night Vision Scopes, Night Vision Binoculars …

Night Vision Goggles, Scopes, Night Vision Binoculars and Daytime Riflescopes – manufacturer of night vision devices – ATN offers you high-quality night vision products

Original Source: http://www.atncorp.com/

Night Vision Sale, Night Vision Goggles, Night Vision Monoculars …

Great prices on a huge selection of high-quality night vision devices. NightVisionPlanet carries trusted brands like ATN, Armasight, Bushnell, Sightmark or Yukon …

Original Source: http://www.nightvisionplanet.com/


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Q&A:

gamer_077 asked how do i become a pilot do i need to take collage classes or just flying school? for commerical pilot?

how long does it take and how much do u make a year im 15

And got the following answer:

According to the US Department of Labor Occupational Handbook

“All pilots who are paid to transport passengers or cargo must have a commercial pilot’s license with an instrument rating issued by the FAA. Helicopter pilots must hold a commercial pilot’s certificate with a helicopter rating. To qualify for these licenses, applicants must be at least 18 years old and have at least 250 hours of flight experience. The experience required can be reduced through participation in certain flight school curricula approved by the FAA. Applicants also must pass a strict physical examination to make sure that they are in good health and have 20/20 vision with or without glasses, good hearing, and no physical handicaps that could impair their performance. They must pass a written test that includes questions on the principles of safe flight, navigation techniques, and FAA regulations, and must demonstrate their flying ability to FAA or designated examiners.

To fly during periods of low visibility, pilots must be rated by the FAA to fly by instruments. Pilots may qualify for this rating by having the required hours of flight experience, including 40 hours of experience in flying by instruments; they also must pass a written examination on procedures and FAA regulations covering instrument flying and demonstrate to an examiner their ability to fly by instruments. Requirements for the instrument rating vary depending on the certification level of flight school.

Airline pilots must fulfill additional requirements. Pilots must have an airline transport pilot’s license. Applicants for this license must be at least 23 years old and have a minimum of 1,500 hours of flying experience, including night and instrument flying, and must pass FAA written and flight examinations. Usually, they also have one or more advanced ratings depending on the requirements of their particular job. Because pilots must be able to make quick decisions and accurate judgments under pressure, many airline companies reject applicants who do not pass required psychological and aptitude tests. All licenses are valid so long as a pilot can pass the periodic physical and eye examinations and tests of flying skills required by the FAA and company regulations.

The U.S. Armed Forces have always been an important source of trained pilots for civilian jobs. Military pilots gain valuable experience on jet aircraft and helicopters, and persons with this experience—because of the extensive flying time military pilots receive—usually are preferred for civilian pilot jobs. Those without Armed Forces training may become pilots by attending flight schools or by taking lessons from FAA-certified flight instructors. The FAA has certified about 600 civilian flying schools, including some colleges and universities that offer degree credit for pilot training. Until 2014 , trained pilots leaving the military are not expected to increase very much in number as the need for pilots grows in civilian aviation. As a result, FAA-certified schools will train a larger share of pilots than in the past.

Although some small airlines hire high school graduates, most airlines require at least 2 years of college and prefer to hire college graduates. In fact, most entrants to this occupation have a college degree. Because the number of college-educated applicants continues to increase, many employers are making a college degree an educational requirement.

Depending on the type of aircraft, new airline pilots start as first officers or flight engineers. Although some airlines favor applicants who already have a flight engineer’s license, they may provide flight engineer training for those who have only the commercial license. Many pilots begin with smaller regional or commuter airlines, where they obtain experience flying passengers on scheduled flights into busy airports in all weather conditions. These jobs often lead to higher paying jobs with bigger, national or major airlines.

Initial training for airline pilots includes a week of company indoctrination; 3 to 6 weeks of ground school and simulator training; and 25 hours of initial operating experience, including a check-ride with an FAA aviation safety inspector. Once trained, pilots are required to attend recurrent training and simulator checks once or twice a year throughout their career.

Companies other than airlines usually require less flying experience. However, a commercial pilot’s license is a minimum requirement, and employers prefer applicants who have experience in the type of craft they will be flying. New employees usually start as first officers, or fly less sophisticated equipment. Test pilots often are required to have an engineering degree.

Advancement for all pilots usually is limited to other flying jobs. Many pilots start as flight instructors, building up their flying hours while they earn money teaching. As they become more experienced, these pilots occasionally fly charter planes or perhaps get jobs with small air transportation firms, such as air-taxi companies. Some advance to flying corporate planes. A small number get flight engineer jobs with the airlines.

In the airlines, advancement usually depends on seniority provisions of union contracts. After 1 to 5 years, flight engineers advance according to seniority to first officer and, after 5 to 15 years, to captain. Seniority also determines which pilots get the more desirable routes. In a nonairline job, a first officer may advance to pilot and, in large companies, to chief pilot or director of aviation in charge of aircraft scheduling, maintenance, and flight procedures.”

“Earnings of aircraft pilots and flight engineers vary greatly depending whether they work as airline or commercial pilots. Earnings of airline pilots are among the highest in the Nation, and depend on factors such as the type, size, and maximum speed of the plane and the number of hours and miles flown. For example, pilots who fly jet aircraft usually earn higher salaries than do pilots who fly turboprops. Airline pilots and flight engineers may earn extra pay for night and international flights. In May 2004, median annual earnings of airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers were $129,250.

Median annual earnings of commercial pilots were $53,870 in May 2004. The middle 50 percent earned between $37,170 and $79,390. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,300, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $110,070.

Airline pilots usually are eligible for life and health insurance plans. They also receive retirement benefits and, if they fail the FAA physical examination at some point in their careers, they get disability payments. In addition, pilots receive an expense allowance, or “per diem,” for every hour they are away from home. Some airlines also provide allowances to pilots for purchasing and cleaning their uniforms. As an additional benefit, pilots and their immediate families usually are entitled to free or reduced-fare transportation on their own and other airlines.

More than half of all aircraft pilots are members of unions. Most of the pilots who fly for the major airlines are members of the Airline Pilots Association, International, but those employed by one major airline are members of the Allied Pilots Association. Some flight engineers are members of the Flight Engineers’ International Association.”

empress asked Requirements for flight attendant and pilot?

What are the requirements to be a flight attendant?
Is there a pre-requisite course?
What are the vision requirements? (I have a grade of 1.75 – 2.00)
Same also applies for a pilot
Sources are highly appreciated too.
thanks in advance

And got the following answer:

Here’s an article that should help answer some of your questions. Let me know if I can help more. Pilot requirements follow.

Tim Kirkwood
Author, The Flight Attendant Job Finder & Career Guide
www.FlightAttendantCareerGuide.com
[email protected]

To obtain a Private Pilot certificate, you need to fulfill certain requirements set by the FAA. Your first step will be to get a flight physical by a doctor designated by the FAA. You will need at least a 3rd class medical certificate (which also serves as your student license). I recommend getting a 1st class medical since that is what you will eventually need to be an airline pilot or equivalent. This way if any medical defects are noted, you will be aware of it now rather than later after spending $30,000 for a pilot career.

The Private Pilot flight experience requirements:

1. 40 hours of total flight time

2. 20 hours of flight instruction (of which is included in the 40hrs total flight time)

3. 10 hours of solo flight time (included in the 40hrs of total flight time)

Included in the above flight hours, you must complete:

1. 3 hours of cross-country flight training (a cross country is a flight 50 miles or more from the departure airport)

2. 3 hours of night flight instruction (one cross country flight over 100 nautical miles and 10 takeoff’s and landings to a full stop)

3. 3 hours of flight training involving flying solely by reference of instruments

4. 3 hours of flight training in preparation for the practical test in a single engine airplane

5. 5 hours of solo cross country time
(a) one solo cross-country flight at least 150 nautical miles with full stop landings at a minimum of 3 points.

6. 3 take offs and 3 landings to a full stop at an airport with an operating control tower.

7. Must be 16 years of age

Pass the FAA Private Pilot written exam.

Instrument

One of the more challenging yet rewarding ratings you will need to get is the Instrument rating. Nothing gives you more satisfaction than flying through the clouds with no visible horizon outside the cockpit and then breaking out of those clouds at 200 feet above the ground and 1/2mile from the runway in order to make a landing. Without this important rating, it is quite dangerous to fly in the clouds or fog. Another aspect to flying instrument that you probably didn’t use very much with just a VFR Private license, is that you will be communicating with ATC (Air Traffic Control). They will be responsible for separation between you and other aircraft as well as aid you in navigating to the final approach course to your destination airport.

The Instrument Rating flight experience requirements:

1. At least 50 hours of cross country flight time as pilot in command (PIC)

2. A total of 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time to include:
(a) At least 15 hours of instrument training from a Certified Instrument Flight Instructor
(b) At least 3 hours of instrument training in preparation for the practical test

3. Instrument training on cross country flight procedures that include at least one cross country performed under IFR and consists of:
(a) A distance of at least 250 nautical miles along airways or ATC directed routing
(b) An instrument approach at each airport (3 different type of instrument approaches)

4. Of the 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time, 20 hours maximum can be in an approved flight simulator or training device.

Pass the FAA Instrument Pilot written exam

Commercial Pilot

The Commercial Pilot certificate is required if you want to use your talents as a pilot to make money. Without this certificate, you cannot charge anyone for your services but instead split the expenses equally. The Commercial Pilot training will teach you to sharpen your skills as a pilot and master your aircraft. You will also need a minimum of a second-class medical certificate to operate as a Commercial Pilot.

Commercial Pilot flight experience requirements:

1. Log at least 250 hours as a pilot that consists of at least:
(a) 100 hours in powered aircraft, of which 50 hours must be in airplanes
(b) 100 hours of pilot in command flight time, which includes:
(i) 50 hours in airplanes and 50 hours in cross country flight of which 10 hours must be in airplanes.

2. 20 hours of training that include at least:
(a) 10 hours of instrument training of which at least 5 hours must be in a single engine airplane
(b) 10 hours of training in an airplane that has retractable landing gear, flaps and a controllable pitch propeller

3. One cross country flight of at least 2 hours in a single engine airplane in day VFR conditions consisting of one leg of 100 nm.

4. One cross country flight of at least 2 hours in a single engine airplane in night VFR conditions consisting of one leg of 100 nm.

5. 3 hours in a single engine airplane in preparation for the practical test.

6. 10 hours of solo flight which include at least:
(a) One cross country flight not less than 300 nautical miles total distance with landings at a minimum of 3 points, one leg at least 250 nautical miles

7. 5 hours in night VFR conditions with 10 take offs and 10 landings at an airport with an operating tower

8. Must be 18 years of age

Pass the FAA Commercial Pilot written exam

Airline Transport Pilot

The Airline Transport Pilot certificate is the “PhD” of pilot certificates! It will give you the opportunity to act as Pilot-in-Command in an aircraft weighing more than 12,500lbs. It requires a lot of flight time in your logbook before you are eligible to become an ATP. Most airlines or other aviation employers will pay for you to get your ATP when you upgrade to the captain’s seat. You will be required to hold a first class medical certificate when acting as an ATP.

Airline Transport Pilot flight experience requirements:

1. 1500 hours total flight as pilot which include:
(a) 500 hours of cross country flight time
(b) 100 hours of night flight time
(c) 75 hours of instrument flight time, in actual or simulated instrument conditions

2. 250 hours of flight time in an airplane as a pilot in command which include:
(a) 100 hours of cross country flight time
(b) 25 hours of night flight time

3. Not more than 100 hours of the total aeronautical experience requirements may be obtained in a flight simulator or training device.

4. A person who has performed at least 20 night takeoffs and landings to a full stop may substitute each additional night takeoff
and landing to a full stop for one hour of night flight time to satisfy the requirements of the 100 hours of night flight time however
not more than 25 hours of night flight time may be credited in this manner

5. Must be at least 23 years of age

Pass the FAA Airline Transport Pilot written exam

Additional ratings

In addition to the pilot certificates and ratings listed above, there are a few more that will help you advance in your aviation career. Any time you can get another rating or add to your qualifications as a pilot, the better! Earning all these ratings is a remarkable achievement but will do you no good if you don’t stay proficient. And a proficient and knowledgeable pilot will produce a safe pilot! SAFETY COMES FIRST! Here is the list of additional pilot ratings you might want to consider:

1. Certified Flight Instructor – This certificate comes in three variations:
(a) CFI – Allows you to teach Private and Commercial and students.
(b) CFII – Allows you to teach Instrument students.
(c) MEI – Allows you to teach multi-engine students

2. Multi-Engine Rating – This rating can be held with a Private or Commercial Pilot’s certificate with IFR or VFR privileges.
This rating is required to get any job flying multi-engine airplanes. The best way to build multi-engine time, besides buying
a twin engine airplane or paying to rent one, is to get your MEI. This way you can teach multi-engine students and log the flight time.
The multi-engine rating can also be held in a “land” based aircraft or a “Sea” plane.

3. Seaplane Rating – This rating can be held with a Private or Commercial certificate and as a single engine or multi-engine rating.

For more information on Pilot certificates and proficiency requirements
visit the FAA’s website at http://www.faa.gov/

Have you ever dreamed of flying to exotic places or foreign cities? Or perhaps have a desire to see more of the USA? If so, then you should consider the career as an airline flight attendant. There are over eighty scheduled, regional and charter airlines in the US and Canada, and they are in need of qualified applicants the year round.
Since the tragic events of September 11, 2001 the “Major” airlines had not been hiring, and are still recalling their furloughed flight attendants. The prospects of getting hired by a Major have only started to improve.
But the Majors are only 10% of the airlines operating in the US and Canada. The other 90% include the mid-size airlines, regional and commuter carriers and charter airlines. These airlines continue to need and hire flight attendants on their flights.In addition, the fastest growing sector of aviation is the corporate or executive jet Flight Attendant employment opportunities. These luxurious private and corporate aircraft cater to a high-end clientele, and require professionally trained flight attendants as well.
If you think you must be a young fashion-model type to be considered for this much sought-after job, you would be mistaken. Airlines today are looking for women and men between the ages of eighteen to sixty, who have the desire to travel and work with people.
This broader acceptance of applicants opens the career up to persons who had never considered themselves qualified. It also, therefore, increases the competition for potential applicants. Every airline has a different set of requirements, and some will even look for the characteristics of the region in which they fly.
A high-school diploma or GED is a must, so if you’re in school now, STAY IN SCHOOL. If you have quit or dropped out, it’s never too late to go back and get your diploma. For all airlines, it is a requirement for employment. Additional schooling, which can improve your chances of acceptance, includes sociology, psychology, history, geography, and foreign languages.
Nearly all airlines will train you as a part of the hiring process, even if you’ve worked for another airline, or attended one of the expensive airline “schools”. I recommend you look for an inexpensive local community college or adult education course that offers class in Travel & Tourism, or an introduction to the Flight Attendant Career, such as the one offered by Cypress College (http://votech.cypresscollege.edu/~atc/).
Most airlines set height requirements to correspond with the size of the aircraft they operate. Too tall, and you’re bumping your head on the ceiling. Too short, and you may not be able to reach the overhead compartments. If you’re between 5′ and 6′, you’ll be within the range the airlines are looking for.
Weight restrictions have come under fire lately, brought on by lawsuits against the impossibly strict standards set decades ago. The phrase you will hear now is “weight must be in proportion to height”. Being in good physical condition is important, as the job can be physically demanding. Combine unusual hours, time zone changes, strange hotel rooms and the dry atmosphere of the airplane, and you have the making of physical exhaustion. Applicants are tested for drug use when hired and then randomly after that for the rest of their career. Even if you are using illegal drugs on a sporadic or “recreational” basis, you must quit now. You can also be alcohol tested throughout your career, as drinking is not permitted at anytime while on duty or in uniform.
The traveling public has the general impression that flight attendants are on board the airplane simply to serve food and coffee. The Federal Aviation Administration, a government organization that oversees aviation safety, sees it completely different. Their role is to ensure that the flying public is safe when they fly, and requires flight attendants on board to provide assistance in flight, and to get the passengers out of the aircraft in an emergency. You will learn basic first-aid, CPR, fire-fighting techniques as part of your training. In fact, the majority of training you will receive will have more to do with safety, than how to pour a glass of wine.
What is it then, which makes this job one of the most sought-after in America? Flexibility, variety, and travel are the top three reasons.

Flexibility. Most people work all week, with perhaps one or two days off over the weekend. Most receive one to two weeks of vacation per year. As a flight attendant, you have the ability to group your flights together in a given month, and have 1-2 weeks off every month! And that is in addition to your regular vacation time. You can use this free time to utilize your travel benefits, continue your education, or run your own business.

Variety. Since you are able to move your schedule around to suit your personal life, you are also able to escape the nine-to-five, Monday through Friday drudgery. And each flight is to a different city, with different crews, and different passengers. It’s very hard to get bored.

Travel. Most airline employees receive passes to fly on their own airline for free, or for a small fee. In addition, other airlines will offer you 50-75% discounts on their tickets. Hotels, rental cars, cruises, tour packages all have some discount schedule for airline employees also. Put it all together, and you have the flexibility to travel to a variety of places, at an extremely low cost. How could anyone not want to be an airline flight attendant?

Well, to begin with, the hours can be long and irregular. The work can be tiring, the passengers demanding or even abusive. The atmosphere in the aircraft at altitude is extremely drying. Snowstorms, labor disputes, or mechanical breakdowns can disrupt schedules. Perhaps your plans to attend your friends’ wedding will be spoiled by a storm that traps you in Des Moines. And there is the constant fear of a crash, although statistics say you have a better chance of being hit by lightening than experiencing a plane crash. This is more than a career choice. This is a lifestyle change to which you must give careful thought.
And what do the airline recruiters look for? Once again the big word is flexibility. If you are able to be flexible in your attitude and lifestyle, and work well both alone, and with a group of people, then you have the basic building blocks to pursue your career in the skies. Spend some time in your local library, researching the airlines, or reading the books available on flight attendant careers. You can also find a wealth of information on the Internet, or World Wide Web. When you have chosen the airlines that match your career criteria, contact them by mail and request an application. Then, START PACKING!

planelover73 asked What am i supposed to learn if i want to be a really good guitar player?

i dont have a pedal, only a squire amp. I might get a line 6 lll 15 amp later. Guitar i have is an Ibanez GRX20. Is it a good guitar. I have read dozens of reviews and ratings were near perfect.
i’ve been a drummer my whole life, i;ve plaed viola for 5 years. i compose music. i used to be my church’s drummer but i moved.

And got the following answer:

The guitar you own has nothing to do with your desire to be a great guitarist. Consider taking lessons and learning the scales and modes, invert chords, transpose, and write new work. These will help you become the good player you hope to become. Beyond understanding the fundamentals you will need to understand your role in an ensemble. Playing at the right volume for the space you perform in, the group you play with, the ability to be flexible and follow your vision. Practice, practice, practice. If you are excited to practice on a friday night you know you are on the right track. Dont expect anything to come easy.

hopes2graduate asked Can you become a commercial pilot and make good money without being in the military?

My friend always wanted to be a pilot and said he couldnt because he wears glasses and the military wouldnt train him. But I just bumped into a guy whose getting his pilots license and isnt in the military. I know you can get your license w.out being in the military but can you actually get a job doing it? How would you go around doing this?
THANKS!

And got the following answer:

All pilots who are paid to transport passengers or cargo must have a commercial pilot’s license with an instrument rating issued by the FAA. Helicopter pilots must hold a commercial pilot’s certificate with a helicopter rating. To qualify for these licenses, applicants must be at least 18 years old and have at least 250 hours of flight experience. The experience required can be reduced through participation in certain flight school curricula approved by the FAA. Applicants also must pass a strict physical examination to make sure that they are in good health and have 20/20 vision with or without glasses, good hearing, and no physical handicaps that could impair their performance. They must pass a written test that includes questions on the principles of safe flight, navigation techniques, and FAA regulations, and must demonstrate their flying ability to FAA or designated examiners.

To fly during periods of low visibility, pilots must be rated by the FAA to fly by instruments. Pilots may qualify for this rating by having the required hours of flight experience, including 40 hours of experience in flying by instruments; they also must pass a written examination on procedures and FAA regulations covering instrument flying and demonstrate to an examiner their ability to fly by instruments. Requirements for the instrument rating vary depending on the certification level of flight school.

Airline pilots must fulfill additional requirements. Pilots must have an airline transport pilot’s license. Applicants for this license must be at least 23 years old and have a minimum of 1,500 hours of flying experience, including night and instrument flying, and must pass FAA written and flight examinations. Usually, they also have one or more advanced ratings depending on the requirements of their particular job. Because pilots must be able to make quick decisions and accurate judgments under pressure, many airline companies reject applicants who do not pass required psychological and aptitude tests. All licenses are valid so long as a pilot can pass the periodic physical and eye examinations and tests of flying skills required by the FAA and company regulations.

The U.S. Armed Forces have always been an important source of trained pilots for civilian jobs. Military pilots gain valuable experience on jet aircraft and helicopters, and persons with this experience—because of the extensive flying time military pilots receive—usually are preferred for civilian pilot jobs. Those without Armed Forces training may become pilots by attending flight schools or by taking lessons from FAA-certified flight instructors. The FAA has certified about 600 civilian flying schools, including some colleges and universities that offer degree credit for pilot training. Until 2014 , trained pilots leaving the military are not expected to increase very much in number as the need for pilots grows in civilian aviation. As a result, FAA-certified schools will train a larger share of pilots than in the past.

Although some small airlines hire high school graduates, most airlines require at least 2 years of college and prefer to hire college graduates. In fact, most entrants to this occupation have a college degree. Because the number of college-educated applicants continues to increase, many employers are making a college degree an educational requirement.

Depending on the type of aircraft, new airline pilots start as first officers or flight engineers. Although some airlines favor applicants who already have a flight engineer’s license, they may provide flight engineer training for those who have only the commercial license. Many pilots begin with smaller regional or commuter airlines, where they obtain experience flying passengers on scheduled flights into busy airports in all weather conditions. These jobs often lead to higher paying jobs with bigger, national or major airlines.

Initial training for airline pilots includes a week of company indoctrination; 3 to 6 weeks of ground school and simulator training; and 25 hours of initial operating experience, including a check-ride with an FAA aviation safety inspector. Once trained, pilots are required to attend recurrent training and simulator checks once or twice a year throughout their career.

Companies other than airlines usually require less flying experience. However, a commercial pilot’s license is a minimum requirement, and employers prefer applicants who have experience in the type of craft they will be flying. New employees usually start as first officers, or fly less sophisticated equipment. Test pilots often are required to have an engineering degree.

Advancement for all pilots usually is limited to other flying jobs. Many pilots start as flight instructors, building up their flying hours while they earn money teaching. As they become more experienced, these pilots occasionally fly charter planes or perhaps get jobs with small air transportation firms, such as air-taxi companies. Some advance to flying corporate planes. A small number get flight engineer jobs with the airlines.

In the airlines, advancement usually depends on seniority provisions of union contracts. After 1 to 5 years, flight engineers advance according to seniority to first officer and, after 5 to 15 years, to captain. Seniority also determines which pilots get the more desirable routes. In a nonairline job, a first officer may advance to pilot and, in large companies, to chief pilot or director of aviation in charge of aircraft scheduling, maintenance, and flight procedures.

For information on airline pilots, contact:

* Air Line Pilots Association, International, 1625 Massachusetts Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20036.

* Air Transport Association of America, Inc., 1301 Pennsylvania Ave. NW., Suite 1100, Washington, DC 20004.

* Federal Aviation Administration, 800 Independence Ave. SW., Washington, DC 20591. Internet: http://www.faa.gov

raptor15dude asked What are the requirements to becoming an airline pilot?

It’s for an english project

And got the following answer:

Education and training. Although some small airlines hire high school graduates, most airlines require at least 2 years of college and prefer to hire college graduates. In fact, most entrants to this occupation have a college degree. Because the number of college-educated applicants continues to increase, many employers are making a college degree an educational requirement. For example, test pilots often are required to have an engineering degree.

Pilots also need flight experience to qualify for a license. Completing classes at a flight school approved by the FAA can reduce the amount of flight experience required for a pilot’s license. In 2006, the FAA certified about 600 civilian flying schools, including some colleges and universities that offer degree credit for pilot training. Initial training for airline pilots typically includes a week of company indoctrination; 3 to 6 weeks of ground school and simulator training; and 25 hours of initial operating experience, including a check-ride with an FAA aviation safety inspector. Once trained, pilots are required to attend recurrent training and simulator checks once or twice a year throughout their career.

Licensure. To qualify for FAA licensure, applicants must be at least 18 years old and have at least 250 hours of flight experience.

The U.S. Armed Forces have always been an important source of experienced pilots because of the extensive flying time and experience on jet aircraft and helicopters. Those without Armed Forces training may become pilots by attending flight schools or by taking lessons from FAA-certified flight instructors. Applicants also must pass a strict physical examination to make sure that they are in good health and have 20/20 vision with or without glasses, good hearing, and no physical handicaps that could impair their performance. They must pass a written test that includes questions on the principles of safe flight, navigation techniques, and FAA regulations, and must demonstrate their flying ability to FAA or designated examiners.

To fly during periods of low visibility, pilots must be rated by the FAA to fly by instruments. Pilots may qualify for this rating by having the required hours of flight experience, including 40 hours of experience in flying by instruments; they also must pass a written examination on procedures and FAA regulations covering instrument flying and demonstrate to an examiner their ability to fly by instruments. Requirements for the instrument rating vary depending on the certification level of flight school.

Airline pilots must fulfill additional requirements. Captains must have an airline transport pilot’s license. Applicants for this license must be at least 23 years old and have a minimum of 1,500 hours of flying experience, including night and instrument flying, and must pass FAA written and flight examinations. Usually, they also have one or more advanced ratings depending on the requirements of their particular job. Because pilots must be able to make quick decisions and accurate judgments under pressure, many airline companies reject applicants who do not pass required psychological and aptitude tests. All licenses are valid so long as a pilot can pass the periodic physical and eye examinations and tests of flying skills required by the FAA and company regulations.

Other qualifications. Depending on the type of aircraft, new airline pilots start as first officers or flight engineers. Although some airlines favor applicants who already have a flight engineer’s license, they may provide flight engineer training for those who have only the commercial license. Many pilots begin with smaller regional or commuter airlines, where they obtain experience flying passengers on scheduled flights into busy airports in all weather conditions. These jobs often lead to higher paying jobs with bigger, national or major airlines.

Licensure. To qualify for FAA licensure, applicants must be at least 18 years old and have at least 250 hours of flight experience.

The U.S. Armed Forces have always been an important source of experienced pilots because of the extensive flying time and experience on jet aircraft and helicopters. Those without Armed Forces training may become pilots by attending flight schools or by taking lessons from FAA-certified flight instructors. Applicants also must pass a strict physical examination to make sure that they are in good health and have 20/20 vision with or without glasses, good hearing, and no physical handicaps that could impair their performance. They must pass a written test that includes questions on the principles of safe flight, navigation techniques, and FAA regulations, and must demonstrate their flying ability to FAA or designated examiners.

To fly during periods of low visibility, pilots must be rated by the FAA to fly by instruments. Pilots may qualify for this rating by having the required hours of flight experience, including 40 hours of experience in flying by instruments; they also must pass a written examination on procedures and FAA regulations covering instrument flying and demonstrate to an examiner their ability to fly by instruments. Requirements for the instrument rating vary depending on the certification level of flight school.

Airline pilots must fulfill additional requirements. Captains must have an airline transport pilot’s license. Applicants for this license must be at least 23 years old and have a minimum of 1,500 hours of flying experience, including night and instrument flying, and must pass FAA written and flight examinations. Usually, they also have one or more advanced ratings depending on the requirements of their particular job. Because pilots must be able to make quick decisions and accurate judgments under pressure, many airline companies reject applicants who do not pass required psychological and aptitude tests. All licenses are valid so long as a pilot can pass the periodic physical and eye examinations and tests of flying skills required by the FAA and company regulations.

Other qualifications. Depending on the type of aircraft, new airline pilots start as first officers or flight engineers. Although some airlines favor applicants who already have a flight engineer’s license, they may provide flight engineer training for those who have only the commercial license. Many pilots begin with smaller regional or commuter airlines, where they obtain experience flying passengers on scheduled flights into busy airports in all weather conditions. These jobs often lead to higher paying jobs with bigger, national or major airlines.

Companies other than airlines usually require less flying experience. However, a commercial pilot’s license is a minimum requirement, and employers prefer applicants who have experience in the type of craft they will be flying. New employees usually start as first officers, or fly less sophisticated equipment.

http://www.balpa.org/intranet/How-to-bec/How-to-become-a-pilot.pdf

that site is good

daychopper asked I recently failed the colour lantern tests at Gatwick CAA. Could i still have a career by flying daytime only?

What are the opportunities in the UK? USA? Brazil?
I hear there are a shortage of pilot instructors? Is this a viable option for daytime only?
I am particularly interested in getting my CPL Helicopter licence
Any ideas or advice would be much appreciated…
Thanks!

And got the following answer:

Look further into the color issues. There are substitute tests which can satisfy the requirements. Not sure which “colour lantern tests” you are referring to, as there are at least 2 that I know about. I overcame a color and daytime only issue and now have about 1,100 hours of night experience, in addition to thousands of day hours. ATP, 1st class med, jet type ratings, etc., all completely unrestricted, have flown full glass with indications in various different colors, etc. In my case, however, the lights WERE the substitute test and I passed, but do look into it further. (A nice “plus” for me, too, is I never again had to take a color vision test of any kind, including during my many subsequent aviation medical exams. And the light test was decades ago. ) It is completely true that you can have a problem with the color “plates” (groupings of dots) that are typically used as the first level of color vision screening, and yet not have any problem distinguishing colors in the actual flight and flight deck environment. One daytime-only gig, perhaps, that comes to mind is agricultural application (crop-dusting), another, perhaps is pipeline patrol. And how ’bout those skywriters? Assuming you could get a second class medical and be insurable, etc. But look further into having that restriction lifted. If that was the first level of screening, then there is probably at least one additional level available.

asked Which binoculars are better for astronomy viewing, the 8×56 or the 10×60?

I was just curious and I wanted to know which set of binoculars would be more powerful or better for astronomy viewing. In other words, comparing 8×56 to 10×60. I own both of them. Bushnell 10×60 and Orion Mini Giant 8×56. Thanks for all of your help and support.

And got the following answer:

They are very close in performance and your own eyes will determine which is better for you and gives a more satisfying view.
In aperture the extra 4mm will show marginally fainter stars but you’ll have to look very carefully under very clear skies to tell the difference and the lenses may not be of equal quality which could wipe out that small difference anyway.
Orion do some nice kit but Bushnell isn’t always so bad either though some makes have fans and people who wouldn’t buy them
I have some Tasco 10×50 bought a couple of days ago…what a surprise!
Sharp and clear, no ghosting, fairly flat field, lovely pair of binos. Not as good as the Helios I normally use but far better than expected with good contrasty views of M42 and M31 and the Pleiades, the glorious star fields in Cygnus early in the evening….what a lovely time.
I got them cheap in a charity shop to add to our collection for school stargazing nights for ten and twelve year old’s to use.
Are they really Tasco…cheap old Tasco?
Sure are…..a pair that turned out pretty good.
You just don’t know till you use stuff that you have something so unexpectedly good.

For 8x and 10x again the difference is marginal in how much detail you can see.
The LGP…light gathering power ….is 7 for the 8x and 6 for the 10x, again making very little difference in practice to the brightness of the image though in theory ( one theory at least) the 8x will be brighter for extended objects like nebulae.
In practice you’ll likely find you can see more on a dark night with the 10x because it has a higher twilight factor but there are critics of the twilight factor ratings as well.
Which binocular matches your own dark adapted eye pupils you can only tell by observation or by measuring your night vision pupil diameter using a very high speed flash with a long lens to keep the flash a few feet away from you or use a filter over the flash but not much f one or the flash speed will go down and you need it to be faster than the closing time of your pupil or eyelids.
Measure the pupil size against a cent or 1-p or whatever stuck on your head with tape, or 1cm marked on paper stuck near your eye or whatever you can fix up.
Be very careful with flashes close to the eye…you can do damage….it’s at your own risk.
To be honest you’ll get different responses from different people using the two binoculars since one will suit some people’s pupils better than the other one but either way it’s a close match so whichever is more comfortable to use is the one to use most.
I spend more time with my 10×50 than the 15×70 because it’s so convenient and comfortable to use so I see more.
Any instrument or a tool or machine is more than a set of figures.
There’s a user and the user has to be happy using the equipment to use it well whether it’s binoculars, telescopes,cameras, golf clubs, fishing rods, cars and motorbikes, or whatever….
Enjoy the sky.

Nawar A asked What subjects and/or requirements are needed to be a pilot?

And got the following answer:

All pilots who are paid to transport passengers or cargo must have a commercial pilot’s license with an instrument rating issued by the FAA. Helicopter pilots must hold a commercial pilot’s certificate with a helicopter rating. To qualify for these licenses, applicants must be at least 18 years old and have at least 250 hours of flight experience. The experience required can be reduced through participation in certain flight school curricula approved by the FAA. Applicants also must pass a strict physical examination to make sure that they are in good health and have 20/20 vision with or without glasses, good hearing, and no physical handicaps that could impair their performance. They must pass a written test that includes questions on the principles of safe flight, navigation techniques, and FAA regulations, and must demonstrate their flying ability to FAA or designated examiners.

To fly during periods of low visibility, pilots must be rated by the FAA to fly by instruments. Pilots may qualify for this rating by having the required hours of flight experience, including 40 hours of experience in flying by instruments; they also must pass a written examination on procedures and FAA regulations covering instrument flying and demonstrate to an examiner their ability to fly by instruments. Requirements for the instrument rating vary depending on the certification level of flight school.

Airline pilots must fulfill additional requirements. Pilots must have an airline transport pilot’s license. Applicants for this license must be at least 23 years old and have a minimum of 1,500 hours of flying experience, including night and instrument flying, and must pass FAA written and flight examinations. Usually, they also have one or more advanced ratings depending on the requirements of their particular job. Because pilots must be able to make quick decisions and accurate judgments under pressure, many airline companies reject applicants who do not pass required psychological and aptitude tests. All licenses are valid so long as a pilot can pass the periodic physical and eye examinations and tests of flying skills required by the FAA and company regulations.

The U.S. Armed Forces have always been an important source of trained pilots for civilian jobs. Military pilots gain valuable experience on jet aircraft and helicopters, and persons with this experience—because of the extensive flying time military pilots receive—usually are preferred for civilian pilot jobs. Those without Armed Forces training may become pilots by attending flight schools or by taking lessons from FAA-certified flight instructors. The FAA has certified about 600 civilian flying schools, including some colleges and universities that offer degree credit for pilot training. Until 2014 , trained pilots leaving the military are not expected to increase very much in number as the need for pilots grows in civilian aviation. As a result, FAA-certified schools will train a larger share of pilots than in the past.

Although some small airlines hire high school graduates, most airlines require at least 2 years of college and prefer to hire college graduates. In fact, most entrants to this occupation have a college degree. Because the number of college-educated applicants continues to increase, many employers are making a college degree an educational requirement.

Depending on the type of aircraft, new airline pilots start as first officers or flight engineers. Although some airlines favor applicants who already have a flight engineer’s license, they may provide flight engineer training for those who have only the commercial license. Many pilots begin with smaller regional or commuter airlines, where they obtain experience flying passengers on scheduled flights into busy airports in all weather conditions. These jobs often lead to higher paying jobs with bigger, national or major airlines.

Initial training for airline pilots includes a week of company indoctrination; 3 to 6 weeks of ground school and simulator training; and 25 hours of initial operating experience, including a check-ride with an FAA aviation safety inspector. Once trained, pilots are required to attend recurrent training and simulator checks once or twice a year throughout their career.

Companies other than airlines usually require less flying experience. However, a commercial pilot’s license is a minimum requirement, and employers prefer applicants who have experience in the type of craft they will be flying. New employees usually start as first officers, or fly less sophisticated equipment. Test pilots often are required to have an engineering degree.

Advancement for all pilots usually is limited to other flying jobs. Many pilots start as flight instructors, building up their flying hours while they earn money teaching. As they become more experienced, these pilots occasionally fly charter planes or perhaps get jobs with small air transportation firms, such as air-taxi companies. Some advance to flying corporate planes. A small number get flight engineer jobs with the airlines.

In the airlines, advancement usually depends on seniority provisions of union contracts. After 1 to 5 years, flight engineers advance according to seniority to first officer and, after 5 to 15 years, to captain. Seniority also determines which pilots get the more desirable routes. In a nonairline job, a first officer may advance to pilot and, in large companies, to chief pilot or director of aviation in charge of aircraft scheduling, maintenance, and flight procedures.